Monthly Archives: July 2018

Degrees of Obesity

Fatty Foods

We can say that adiposity is the big problem of modern civilized society, as the relentless statistics informs that today almost every citizen of developed countries has this problem. And if earlier adiposity was got in most cases “by inheritance,” today it affects people regardless of genetic factors.

However, it should be understood, that the movement from the first degree of fattiness to each subsequent entails more and more health problems, with which it will be much more difficult to cope. We hope that an important motivation for these indecisive people will become opportunity to clarify the current stage of adiposity and understand the problems at the threshold where they are.

How to Measure the Degree of Adiposity

Measure Weight

The easiest way to determine whether your body weight is normal, is to use the index of Broca: we should subtract 100 cm from height (in centimeters). However, there is one restriction: we can apply this calculation to people from 155 to 170 cm. In addition, the given number helps to determine normal weight, but what if a person’s weight exceeds normal limits?

To determine the degree of adiposity, it is better to calculate body mass index by the formula proposed by Belgian scientist Adolphe Quetelet. L equals to m divided to squared h.

In this formula, l – is BMI, m – is body mass in kilograms, and h – is height in meters.

For example: human growth is 160 m., human weight is 60 kg.

BMI = 60: (1,6 х 1,6) = 23,4

Now let’s turn to the table of this index interpretation:

  • 16 and less —expressed deficiency of body weight;
  • 16-18,5 — insufficient body weight;
  • 18,5 — 25 — normal;
  • 25 — 30 — excess body weight or pre-obese;
  • 30 — 35 — adiposity of the first degree;
  • 35 — 40 — adiposity of the second degree;
  • 40 and more — adiposity of the third degree.

Pre-Obese and Adiposity Of The First Degree

Now after we have decided how to measure degrees of adiposity, let’s read about them to understand what is behind the given number.

While there are no special health complaints, the person can be disturbed by his/her appearance and some physical discomfort. However, these extra kilos have already begun to affect the general health; an increase in the load on the spine, bones, joints has appeared. Because of this, joint pain, abuse in their work may appear, as well as irregularities in the musculoskeletal system.

It is important to understand that these first degrees of adiposity are usually progressive processes. If measures to stabilize weight and eliminate extra kilograms are not taken in time, the weight will come, whether slower or faster.

Adiposity of The Second Degree

The second degree of fattiness is diagnosed, when a person’s weight is above normal in 50-99%. The body responds to overweight by chronically malaise and constant tiredness, weakness, frequent irritability. Patients complain about the constant feeling of hunger and thirst, frequent or constant feeling of nausea, shortness of breath, persistent pain in all joints. Also, diseases of internal organs are starting to disturb.

Adiposity of The Third Degree

When a person’s weight is twice of the rate, we talk about the third degree of fattiness. At this degree the symptoms that were observed in the second stage are further deepened. The patients are characterized by swelling of the face and body; in addition, complaints on persistent pain of internal organs are added. In most cases they are diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and cardio vascular system. At this stage, adiposity begins to transform all systems and organs of the body.

Start Your Treatment

Doctor

If a person is diagnosed with some degree of fattiness, then we can say only one thing: you should pull yourself together and start treatment. Today, there are few proven treatments of adiposity and you need to make an optimal choice together with your doctor.

Firstly, let’s resort to unmedical method. It is a diet and increasing of physical activity. Then medical techniques are followed. The preparations that suppress appetite can be prescribed to the patient, as well as drugs which are aimed to the normalization of hormonal levels. Sometimes you need to resort to surgery. Usually, such operations are made as abdominoplasty (elimination of the abdomen) and liposuction (removal of hypodermic fat from under the skin).

Degrees of Childhood Fattiness

Child With Cake

In order to determine the degree of childhood adiposity, you should compare excess weight to the length of the body. It is made by pediatrician and endocrinologist, comparing the data with special age tables.

  • I degree – 15-24 %;
  • II degree – 25-49 %;
  • III degree – 50-99 %;
  • IV degree – 100 % and more.

Prophylaxis of Childhood Obesity

Prophylaxis of the fattiness of a baby should begin not from the moment when he/she is born, but when he/she is in the womb. Predispositions to diseases appear together with the majority of taste preferences at this time.

Do not teach a child to ask for a bottle of milk at the first cry, in such a case we accustom him/her to seize up troubles and stress. There is no need to manipulate children, forcing them to eat everything to the end, motivating them by gift. This is how we teach the future generation. “You should eat everything even if you do not want, because leaving the food is bad.”

Treatment of Childhood Adiposity

The main treatment is a strict diet to reduce caloric intake from fat and carbohydrates (sweets, sugar, some fruit, and white bread). It is also advisable to replace cereals to vegetables. It will significantly decrease calorie content.

The main thing that parents should avoid is testing on child different miracle diets that promise instant results due to the complete exclusion of some food components (e.g. protein diet). The fact is that a growing body constantly undergoes a series of changes. If adults can come through it easily, it will be very harmful for the child’s body.

The second thing, which often parents do is the denial of child’s illness. Sometimes it causes irreparable damage. That’s why an endocrinologist consultation, which excludes all possible diseases and makes treatment plan and diet menu, should be appointed to kids. It is not necessary to self-medicate, because only a doctor can determine the reduction of caloric level of the future menu and that will not adversely affect health and bring visible results. Also, therapeutic exercises with instructor can be included in the treatment plan. Your instructor will determine the necessary level of load and take into account the individual characteristics of the organism.

The Notion of Obesity

Weighting-machine

When writing your essay, it’s better to mention that fattiness is a disease in which the subcutaneous and other tissues are accumulated by excess fat. Overweight is, unfortunately, not just an aesthetic problem that can seriously poison the life of a man. The extra weight is often reflected in the general health and can cause not only serious diseases for life, but even lead to death. Thus, the frequent consequences of obesity are serious diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, diseases of heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and liver, gastrointestinal tract.
Fattiness is a disease that must be healed competently and without fail. Today fattiness is researched by nutritionists and endocrinologists. Why is it done by them? The answer is in major causes of disease, including a metabolic disorder, incorrect and often over-eating. Unfortunately, many people suspect themselves to have this disease, but for various reasons, they delay a visit to a specialist.

The Main Types of Obesity

There are different types of adiposity, each one depending on the hormonal background.

The following subtypes of alimentary fattiness (most common form), which is associated with improper diet and less active lifestyle, are:

  • Adiposity of the female type (pear) or low fattiness is characterized by putting off the main mass of fat on the buttocks thighs and in the lower part of the abdomen. Such fattiness is less dangerous for women, and does not provide serious hormonal disorders. Fatty tissues are accumulated in the bulk of body under the skin. If their amount is not critical, it does not make significant obstacle for normal functioning of internals. But if you are diagnosed to have “adiposity,” health problems won’t be avoided without proper treatment. Except for the elaboration of proper diet, various anti-cellulite and massage treatments are recommended in such case of fattiness.
  • Adiposity of the male type (apple) or upper obesity is the most dangerous type of fattiness, where fat tissue is accumulated in the abdomen and on the internals. This case of adiposity is a serious threat even with a relatively small amount of excess weight, because fat on the internal organs complicates their normal work. The abdominal obesity is very simple to be diagnosed. If you have the ratio of waist size to thighs volume of more than 1 for men and 0.8 for women, it means that you have a cause for worriment. Especially if you have a large number of extra kilos.
  • Mixed type of adiposity means that fat tissue is disposed evenly throughout the body. It often appears among children and also needs correction.

The Main Criteria of Adiposity

Body mass index (BMI) is the most traditional criterion which defines the fattiness. Specialists consider a human to have overweight, if the BMI is in the range between 25 and 29.9 points. If a human has fattiness – his BMI is over 30 points.

“Critical Adiposity” means that a person has 50%-100% of normal weight and his/her BMI is over 40 points, or when overweight seriously affects health.

What Fattiness Is Caused by?

Causes of Obesity

Fattiness occurs when a person consumes more calories than spends. Many people have this situation as the result of overeating and sedentary lifestyle. But there are other factors that also play a role in the formation of fattiness. They are:

  • When you get older, your body’s ability to absorb food slows down and you do not need as many calories to maintain a healthy weight. That’s why people say, that, with age, they eat the same amount of food and are engaged in the same activities, but their weight increases.
  • Women are generally more often overweight than men. This is due to the fact that men have a higher metabolic rate (i.e. during the state of calmness they spend more energy) than women because men need more calories to maintain body weight. Also, when women reach menopause, metabolic rate decreases. That is why many women gain weight after menopause.
  • Adiposity (exactly like thinness) can be inherited. If your biological mother is slim, in 75% of cases you have the chance to inherit this feature and vice versa, if your mother suffers from fattiness, you are to have problems with excess weight. However, many people can be genetically predisposed to adiposity, but they don`t gain excess weight.
  • The environmental factor. Although genes are an important factor in many cases of fattiness, the environment also plays a significant role. Environmental factor also includes a person’s way of life, eating behavior and general physical activity.

Extra Reasons of Fattiness

Depression

  • Physical activity. Active people need more calories than passive ones. In addition, physical activity tends to decrease appetite in obese people while increasing the body’s ability to metabolism of fats as an energy source. Most of the cases of fattiness are associated with lower levels of daily physical activity.
  • The psychological factor. Psychological factor also influences on the increase in weight. Many people eat because of negative emotions such as boredom, sadness or anger. People who have difficulties with management of weight may face more serious emotional dependence on food and stop controlling how much they eat.
  • Some diseases can lead to fattiness. They include hormonal problems such as hypothyroidism (slow metabolism related to improper functioning of the thyroid gland), depression, and some rare brain diseases that provoke overeating.
  • Some preparations, such as steroids and antidepressants, can cause excessive gain of weight.

Emotional Factor of the Fattiness

Complexes and emotional suffering are the most painful aspects of adiposity. A false stereotype was formed in our minds about people who are obese, they are often considered to be voracious, lazy and weak-willed individuals. That’s why obese people often face prejudices and discrimination at work, at school, during search of work, and when they are trying to build social ties. Feelings of rejection, shame, or depression are common problems for people who are overweight.