First of all, during writing your essay you should know the verity. The truth is that almost everyone has an overweight. Of course, it causes displeasure. Excess weight can even cause depression and low self-esteem. And here not only human prejudices are important, the main role plays actually a real discomfort: the difficulty in finding beautiful and comfortable clothes, dissatisfaction with appearance, and health problems appeared within this condition.
Do not forget to mention in your essay when the weighing machine begins to go off-scale and the ratio of weight and height is significantly disturbed. In its turn, it is fraught with negative consequences in terms of health.
The Threats of Fattiness
Fattiness is a serious threat to health. Each person should know that adiposity is linked to a full “bunch” of very terrible disease states.
You should remember that a high percentage of body fat means:
- cardiovascular diseases;
- that it may be a consequence of diabetes;
- abdominal adiposity (fat accumulation in the abdomen), which is directly connected with the development of ischemic heart disease;
- the risk of arterial hypertension and other diseases.
Hypertension: Your Blood Pressure Rate Goes Up
The blood pressure of obese people is often so high that it creates a real threat to vessels rupture with all the ensuing consequences for health… Treatment of such hypertension, as a rule, is not very successful. The fact is that high pressure is necessary for human’s body with adiposity, because the heart needs to pump blood under higher pressure to this body.
The consequences of hypertension take more lives than AIDS, cancer and tuberculosis which are taken together.
Atherosclerosis is the most common chronic disease of the arteries, with the appearance of single and multiple of lipid niduses, mainly cholesterol sediments that are the plaques in an inner membrane of the arteries. In addition, the acute blockage (occlusion) of the arterial lumen is possible by either thrombus, or (less often) the contents of the broken plaque, or both of them simultaneously, which leads to the formation of niduses of necrosis (heart attack) or gangrene in the organ which is fed by this artery.
There are such risk factors as:
- high level of cholesterol in the blood,
- high blood pressure,
- slow-moving lifestyle.
Atherosclerosis is a major factor of lethal outcomes for the majority of our contemporaries. Atherosclerosis is developed much earlier and more frequently in obese people, because of the specificity of their metabolism.
Decrease of Immunity (Metabolic Immunosuppression)
Nowadays, almost everyone knows that the role of immunity is great. In connection with the spread of AIDS, the immunity may be reduced under the influence of various factors. One of such factors is ketone bodies, which are formed in particular during the splitting of fat. A significant part of the energy is produced by the splitting of fat. It is called a «fat type» of energy of obese people. It produces a lot of ketones, and they depress the immune system. Unfortunately, tumors are one of the diseases that are developed on the background of the oppressed immunity. Adiposity is a risk factor for tumor diseases.
The First Result Is Cardiovascular Diseases
First of all, it is very destructive for the heart, because it is forced to provide blood to lots of areas of the body. The raise of the loads on the cardiovascular system leads to the cardiac enlargement with thickening it muscle walls and strengthening of the beats. The result is high blood pressure, development of hypertension. The person is cured by pills, unsuccessfully trying to reduce the pressure, but the correct treatment is to lose weight. The “extra” lipids are saved on the walls of blood vessels and form plaques that overlap lumen of blood vessels and disturb blood circulation.
If the weight exceeds the norm by more than 10%, the risk of stroke, coronary heart diseases and other ailments raises. Also, the pressure and cholesterol level are increased, glucose is accumulated as the cells are unable to split it. Load on the heart is raised even during rest state if you have overweight.
Your Liver Is Under Attack
The liver is the second organ, which falls under attack of fattiness. Products, which we eat, are made up of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. And carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the body. All carbohydrate food turns into glucose in a small human intestine, which enters into the blood, and then (as a reserve) to the liver where it is converted into glycogen. It is a substance that is very similar to a kissel. Normally, the liver can contain 90 g of glycogen, and the rest is converted to fat. In other words, it is sent to adipose stocks of the body. If carbohydrate intake is greater than 90 g, or there is a systematic overeating, the liver will begin to be overfilled with fats. And gradually, its cells are transformed into a source of fat reserves.
Increasing Risk of Diseases
Adiposity has influence not only on the heart, but also on the bowel. Abundant nutrition leads to over-work of the digestive system. And over time, it will not be able to cope with such load. The frequent consequences of adiposity such as gastritis with low acidity, biliary dyskinesia, cholecystitis, chronic pancreatitis, colitis are appearing. The permanent result of fattiness is hypothyroidism. It means a lack of T4 thyroxine hormone of thyroid gland in blood. As a result of hypothyroidism, metabolism of the patient slows down, it becomes sluggish and passive. This disease is so often accompanied by adiposity, that endocrinologists don’t always prescribe research on hormones of obese people with excess weight.
Overweight and fattiness in particular impede the work of the respiratory system. There is a great probability of apnea acquisition (stop of breathing during sleep). Also, it causes the development of snore, tiredness, pain in the heart area.
It is ten times more likely to find diabetes in overweight people, comparing to people with normal weight.
A clear link was noticed between the fattiness and diabetes of II type (non-insulin dependency). The opportunity of getting this disease increases with excess weight in forty times.
There are various hormonal disorders that appear due to excess weight. Pre-diabetes state arises when the body requires more and more insulin to regulate glucose rates. The level of hormone growth is reduced. It causes development of dishormonal disturbances that can lead to the menstrual cycle disturbances or impotence. Testosterone rate is often reduced in men, and in women, in contrast, the level of testosterone is increased, and progesterone level is lowered.
The extra kilos are an additional burden for the joints and spine, which have to constantly carry a huge load on themselves. If you are able to cope with excess weight in time, you will save yourself from premature deterioration of the joints and painful hurt in old age. Almost all diseases, including influenza, pneumonia, acute respiratory diseases occur to obese people much harder. They require long-term treatment and more often cause complications. It is also known that the body of obese people is much worse internalized by drugs that are introduced via injections. In such cases, the injections do not get into the muscle, as it should be, but in the fatty tissue.