We can say that adiposity is the big problem of modern civilized society, as the relentless statistics informs that today almost every citizen of developed countries has this problem. And if earlier adiposity was got in most cases “by inheritance,” today it affects people regardless of genetic factors.
However, it should be understood, that the movement from the first degree of fattiness to each subsequent entails more and more health problems, with which it will be much more difficult to cope. We hope that an important motivation for these indecisive people will become opportunity to clarify the current stage of adiposity and understand the problems at the threshold where they are.
How to Measure the Degree of Adiposity
The easiest way to determine whether your body weight is normal, is to use the index of Broca: we should subtract 100 cm from height (in centimeters). However, there is one restriction: we can apply this calculation to people from 155 to 170 cm. In addition, the given number helps to determine normal weight, but what if a person’s weight exceeds normal limits?
To determine the degree of adiposity, it is better to calculate body mass index by the formula proposed by Belgian scientist Adolphe Quetelet. L equals to m divided to squared h.
In this formula, l – is BMI, m – is body mass in kilograms, and h – is height in meters.
For example: human growth is 160 m., human weight is 60 kg.
BMI = 60: (1,6 х 1,6) = 23,4
Now let’s turn to the table of this index interpretation:
- 16 and less —expressed deficiency of body weight;
- 16-18,5 — insufficient body weight;
- 18,5 — 25 — normal;
- 25 — 30 — excess body weight or pre-obese;
- 30 — 35 — adiposity of the first degree;
- 35 — 40 — adiposity of the second degree;
- 40 and more — adiposity of the third degree.
Pre-Obese and Adiposity Of The First Degree
Now after we have decided how to measure degrees of adiposity, let’s read about them to understand what is behind the given number.
While there are no special health complaints, the person can be disturbed by his/her appearance and some physical discomfort. However, these extra kilos have already begun to affect the general health; an increase in the load on the spine, bones, joints has appeared. Because of this, joint pain, abuse in their work may appear, as well as irregularities in the musculoskeletal system.
It is important to understand that these first degrees of adiposity are usually progressive processes. If measures to stabilize weight and eliminate extra kilograms are not taken in time, the weight will come, whether slower or faster.
Adiposity of The Second Degree
The second degree of fattiness is diagnosed, when a person’s weight is above normal in 50-99%. The body responds to overweight by chronically malaise and constant tiredness, weakness, frequent irritability. Patients complain about the constant feeling of hunger and thirst, frequent or constant feeling of nausea, shortness of breath, persistent pain in all joints. Also, diseases of internal organs are starting to disturb.
Adiposity of The Third Degree
When a person’s weight is twice of the rate, we talk about the third degree of fattiness. At this degree the symptoms that were observed in the second stage are further deepened. The patients are characterized by swelling of the face and body; in addition, complaints on persistent pain of internal organs are added. In most cases they are diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and cardio vascular system. At this stage, adiposity begins to transform all systems and organs of the body.
Start Your Treatment
If a person is diagnosed with some degree of fattiness, then we can say only one thing: you should pull yourself together and start treatment. Today, there are few proven treatments of adiposity and you need to make an optimal choice together with your doctor.
Firstly, let’s resort to unmedical method. It is a diet and increasing of physical activity. Then medical techniques are followed. The preparations that suppress appetite can be prescribed to the patient, as well as drugs which are aimed to the normalization of hormonal levels. Sometimes you need to resort to surgery. Usually, such operations are made as abdominoplasty (elimination of the abdomen) and liposuction (removal of hypodermic fat from under the skin).
Degrees of Childhood Fattiness
In order to determine the degree of childhood adiposity, you should compare excess weight to the length of the body. It is made by pediatrician and endocrinologist, comparing the data with special age tables.
- I degree – 15-24 %;
- II degree – 25-49 %;
- III degree – 50-99 %;
- IV degree – 100 % and more.
Prophylaxis of Childhood Obesity
Prophylaxis of the fattiness of a baby should begin not from the moment when he/she is born, but when he/she is in the womb. Predispositions to diseases appear together with the majority of taste preferences at this time.
Do not teach a child to ask for a bottle of milk at the first cry, in such a case we accustom him/her to seize up troubles and stress. There is no need to manipulate children, forcing them to eat everything to the end, motivating them by gift. This is how we teach the future generation. “You should eat everything even if you do not want, because leaving the food is bad.”
Treatment of Childhood Adiposity
The main treatment is a strict diet to reduce caloric intake from fat and carbohydrates (sweets, sugar, some fruit, and white bread). It is also advisable to replace cereals to vegetables. It will significantly decrease calorie content.
The main thing that parents should avoid is testing on child different miracle diets that promise instant results due to the complete exclusion of some food components (e.g. protein diet). The fact is that a growing body constantly undergoes a series of changes. If adults can come through it easily, it will be very harmful for the child’s body.
The second thing, which often parents do is the denial of child’s illness. Sometimes it causes irreparable damage. That’s why an endocrinologist consultation, which excludes all possible diseases and makes treatment plan and diet menu, should be appointed to kids. It is not necessary to self-medicate, because only a doctor can determine the reduction of caloric level of the future menu and that will not adversely affect health and bring visible results. Also, therapeutic exercises with instructor can be included in the treatment plan. Your instructor will determine the necessary level of load and take into account the individual characteristics of the organism.