Nowadays, there is no single definition of science. If you look this word up in different sources, you can find more than 150 definitions for it. One of these definitions states that science is a form of spiritual activity of people, aimed at analyzing information about nature and society, as well as the knowledge of truth and purpose of the research based on the aggregation of the objective laws and real facts.
Also, there is another widespread definition: science is a creative activity to obtain new information; the result of such activity is the knowledge, contained in the integrated system on the basis of certain principles and the process of their production.
The origins of modern science can be found in Europe of the 15th-17th centuries. As a special form of knowledge of the world and its transformation, it has formed an understanding of what the world of nature is like. It is evident that the scientific view on the world could be established only in the community, which is already prepared to accept this view. Consequently, new forms of thinking essentially coincide with the scientific ideas compared with the medieval conception of the world in the period when the feudal system of production was being destructed.
The Role in the Society: Key Information
The 20th century was the century of great scientific progress. After all, imagine that only a hundred years ago, the mankind discovered telephone and cinema. But telephones motionlessly stood on tables and were connected to a total urban network by a cable. Cut the cord – and the neighboring towns would not be able to hear one another. Nowadays intercontinental conversation via a mobile phone is possible without any cords and wires.
So, scientific discoveries intervene in the life of people, improve it, and try to make it more comfortable. Issues can be resolved at a distance, and these distances can be overcome in a few hours, when a medieval courier would have had to ride his horse for months.
Gradually the discoveries of science are reaching all members of the human society and unite them.
Alexander Herzen said, “Science is the power that reveals the relations between things, their laws, and interactions”. Nevertheless, how strong is contemporary science? What are its features?
Today we can say that science plays an important role in many industries and areas of our life. The level of development of science is one of the main indicators of the development of society and its country. Everything around us has been created by science.
The 20th century was the century of the scientific revolution. It gradually improved the high-tech products. The technology changed the modes of production. By 1950s, factory mode of production became dominant. In the second half of the century, the automation became widespread. And by 2000s, high-tech was developed, and it continued the transition to information economy. All this happened due to the inevitable development of science and technology.
Modern science has amazing capabilities. Even in 1904, Nikola Tesla claimed that once a person would be able to send their thoughts to the farthest distance. A century later it became possible. The society has reached such a high level in the world of information, that now any person can find almost any information in the WWW. In every home and office, there is already a computer and the internet. They have become so commonplace that everyone forgets about the dangers associated with their use.
For example, the computer is the source of several types of radiation fields. CRT monitors, desktops, and laptops produce ionizing radiation. Just like any other appliance, the computer creates electromagnetic radiation. It also forms an entire complex of electromagnetic fields. The most recent research on the effects of electromagnetic radiation says about health threats.
At the current stage science is trying to resolve these problems by creating a new industry within the scientific community. It explores the challenges: for example, the science of ergonomics studies interactions between the person and the computer and other machines. Ergonomics deals with the study of complex human work and therefore combines many scientific disciplines. Physiology, occupational health, psychology and other sciences are seeking for the ways of reducing the burden on the human organism put by the computer.
Thanks to the progress in medicine, biology, genetics, embryology, the mankind has found an “antidote” against many ailments. Our ancestors could not imagine that in the 21st century will grow new human organs in order to replace the damaged ones.
Chemistry and physics cannot help evolving. They are developing in two directions as fundamental sciences (that create and study theoretical foundations of physical and chemical knowledge) and as practical sciences (that solve practical problems that emerge in various spheres of life). They try to protect the public from natural disasters, to find alternative sources of energy and mineral resources which mankind needs every day.
Researchers identify four social functions of science:
- It lies in the understanding of the world, its laws and phenomena.
- It involves not only teaching but also social motivation, the development of values.
- Science is a public good and a key element of human culture.
- Its function is to produce material and social benefits, as well as to apply theory in practice.
So, we have analyzed such an important topic. Expanding the topic, we have shown the relevance of science in ancient times, and its relevance today. Of course, science will be relevant in the future.
They say that if Johann Sebastian Bach had not been born, the world would have never heard music. However, if Albert Einstein had not been born, the theory of relativity, sooner or later, would be discovered by another scientist.
Knowledge is the force. This famous aphorism of Francis Bacon is still relevant today. Of course, science is one of the most important forms of society’s culture and its development, as well as the most important factor of renovation of all spheres of human activity. Modern science shapes the human world.
Nevertheless, is it always safe? We believe that this issue will remain unresolved. It is difficult to overestimate the importance of the science for a little man – a member of society. So, people rely on scientists and wait for the scientific growth and progress, but not for the invention of bombs and guns. Science turns into an antagonist of our story when it is aimed at implementing violence and intimidation.
We also recommend you reading an article about the role of the scientist, created in a form of an essay.