When writing your essay, it’s better to mention that fattiness is a disease in which the subcutaneous and other tissues are accumulated by excess fat. Overweight is, unfortunately, not just an aesthetic problem that can seriously poison the life of a man. The extra weight is often reflected in the general health and can cause not only serious diseases for life, but even lead to death. Thus, the frequent consequences of obesity are serious diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, diseases of heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and liver, gastrointestinal tract.
Fattiness is a disease that must be healed competently and without fail. Today fattiness is researched by nutritionists and endocrinologists. Why is it done by them? The answer is in major causes of disease, including a metabolic disorder, incorrect and often over-eating. Unfortunately, many people suspect themselves to have this disease, but for various reasons, they delay a visit to a specialist.
The Main Types of Obesity
There are different types of adiposity, each one depending on the hormonal background.
The following subtypes of alimentary fattiness (most common form), which is associated with improper diet and less active lifestyle, are:
- Adiposity of the female type (pear) or low fattiness is characterized by putting off the main mass of fat on the buttocks thighs and in the lower part of the abdomen. Such fattiness is less dangerous for women, and does not provide serious hormonal disorders. Fatty tissues are accumulated in the bulk of body under the skin. If their amount is not critical, it does not make significant obstacle for normal functioning of internals. But if you are diagnosed to have “adiposity,” health problems won’t be avoided without proper treatment. Except for the elaboration of proper diet, various anti-cellulite and massage treatments are recommended in such case of fattiness.
- Adiposity of the male type (apple) or upper obesity is the most dangerous type of fattiness, where fat tissue is accumulated in the abdomen and on the internals. This case of adiposity is a serious threat even with a relatively small amount of excess weight, because fat on the internal organs complicates their normal work. The abdominal obesity is very simple to be diagnosed. If you have the ratio of waist size to thighs volume of more than 1 for men and 0.8 for women, it means that you have a cause for worriment. Especially if you have a large number of extra kilos.
- Mixed type of adiposity means that fat tissue is disposed evenly throughout the body. It often appears among children and also needs correction.
The Main Criteria of Adiposity
Body mass index (BMI) is the most traditional criterion which defines the fattiness. Specialists consider a human to have overweight, if the BMI is in the range between 25 and 29.9 points. If a human has fattiness – his BMI is over 30 points.
“Critical Adiposity” means that a person has 50%-100% of normal weight and his/her BMI is over 40 points, or when overweight seriously affects health.
What Fattiness Is Caused by?
Fattiness occurs when a person consumes more calories than spends. Many people have this situation as the result of overeating and sedentary lifestyle. But there are other factors that also play a role in the formation of fattiness. They are:
- When you get older, your body’s ability to absorb food slows down and you do not need as many calories to maintain a healthy weight. That’s why people say, that, with age, they eat the same amount of food and are engaged in the same activities, but their weight increases.
- Women are generally more often overweight than men. This is due to the fact that men have a higher metabolic rate (i.e. during the state of calmness they spend more energy) than women because men need more calories to maintain body weight. Also, when women reach menopause, metabolic rate decreases. That is why many women gain weight after menopause.
- Adiposity (exactly like thinness) can be inherited. If your biological mother is slim, in 75% of cases you have the chance to inherit this feature and vice versa, if your mother suffers from fattiness, you are to have problems with excess weight. However, many people can be genetically predisposed to adiposity, but they don`t gain excess weight.
- The environmental factor. Although genes are an important factor in many cases of fattiness, the environment also plays a significant role. Environmental factor also includes a person’s way of life, eating behavior and general physical activity.
Extra Reasons of Fattiness
- Physical activity. Active people need more calories than passive ones. In addition, physical activity tends to decrease appetite in obese people while increasing the body’s ability to metabolism of fats as an energy source. Most of the cases of fattiness are associated with lower levels of daily physical activity.
- The psychological factor. Psychological factor also influences on the increase in weight. Many people eat because of negative emotions such as boredom, sadness or anger. People who have difficulties with management of weight may face more serious emotional dependence on food and stop controlling how much they eat.
- Some diseases can lead to fattiness. They include hormonal problems such as hypothyroidism (slow metabolism related to improper functioning of the thyroid gland), depression, and some rare brain diseases that provoke overeating.
- Some preparations, such as steroids and antidepressants, can cause excessive gain of weight.
Emotional Factor of the Fattiness
Complexes and emotional suffering are the most painful aspects of adiposity. A false stereotype was formed in our minds about people who are obese, they are often considered to be voracious, lazy and weak-willed individuals. That’s why obese people often face prejudices and discrimination at work, at school, during search of work, and when they are trying to build social ties. Feelings of rejection, shame, or depression are common problems for people who are overweight.